Civilians in Conflict

​​Civilian populations are often the foremost victims of contemporary conflicts. Importantly, however, historical and recent examples show how civilians can also be change makers. Civilians can promote peaceful development through various civil society initiatives, but they can also exacerbate conflicts as instigators of violence. The Civilians in Conflict research group focuses on the role of civilians before, during, and after conflict, with the aim of contributing to policies that work to improve the situation for civilian populations.  

Record Number of Children at Risk of Being Recruited by Armed Actors

​Today, Save the Children launched its new report Stop the War on Children: A crisis of recruitment. The report is based on a new mapping of children at risk of being recruited or used in armed conflict conducted at PRIO, as well an update of the yearly estimation of children living in conflict zones. The findings are alarming. In 2020, approximately 337 million children, or more than 1 in 8 children, were living in a conflict zone in which one or more actors recruited children. This is the highest recorded number of children at risk of being recruited by armed actors.

Repertoires of conflict-related sexual violence

​A new article introduces the Repertoires of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (RSVAC) data package. 

This data source assembles reports from 1989 to 2015 of forms of sexual violence by government/states forces, insurgent/rebel organizations, and pro-government militias for each conflict and year, as well as extensive qualitative notes. The new data package helps disaggregate ‘sexual violence’ into its distinct forms and will therefore enable analysis of the reported presence of forms of sexual violence across time, conflicts, and organizations. 

Jenny Lorentzen Talks Malian Women's Fight for Peace on PRIO’s Peace in a Pod

In honor of International Women's Day, we're highlighting the research of Jenny Lorentzen. Jenny is a Senior Researcher at PRIO and a Post-Doc at Lund University. Her PhD work focused partly on women’s participation in Malian peace processes, so today she's talking about what women in Mali had to do to get a seat at the table, and what can be learned from their efforts, and the work of female negotiators around the world.

1 of 6 Children Living in Conflict Zones at Risk of Sexual Violence by Armed Groups

PRIO has conducted a study for Save the Children estimating the number of children at risk of experiencing wartime sexual violence. A staggering 72 million children—17% of the 426 million children living in conflict areas globally, or 1 in 6—are living near armed groups that have been reported to perpetrate sexual violence against children.

Now Funded: TRUST: A Project on the Impact of Refugees on Host Communities

Despite the magnitude of displacement, extant knowledge on how refugees affect host populations is derived almost exclusively from Western societies. We lack completely evidence-based, generalizable insights of such dynamics in the Global South.

A project addressing this challenge has today received funding from the FRIPRO Programme of the Research Council of Norway: TRUST:  Attitudinal Impacts of Refugees on Host Communities in the Global South.

The project will last for 3.5 years, and will be led by Halvard Buhaug. Other PRIO members of the project team are Andreas Forø Tollefsen and Siri Aas Rustad, as well as a new PhD position. Congratulations!

Call for Applications: PhD course on Civil Resistance: Causes and Consequences

​The Research School on Peace and Conflict  invites applications for the PhD course on Civil Resistance: Causes and Consequences to take place at PRIO in Oslo on 11-13 February 2020. The course is a collaboration between the Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU) and PRIO.

The deadline for applications is 1 December 2019.

New Blog on Women's Use of Facebook in Myanmar

With so much attention on the destructive role of Facebook in Myanmar, Doctoral Researcher Julie M. Hansen points out the constructive side of Facebook by bringing in examples of how women in Myanmar use of the social media platform. She writes:

"The spread of hate speech and misinformation online that incites real-life violence are serious issues that deserve the media attention they have received, and the tech community must prioritise finding a solution. Yet, for a fuller understanding of the role of Facebook – which has become such a dominant tool in Myanmar for information and communication that is almost synonymous with the internet – we should also recognise the platform’s constructive side. And this becomes apparent when we look at how the social media platform is used by women."

Read the blog post in full here.

Successful Doctoral Defense by Marianne Dahl

Marianne Dahl successfully defended her doctoral thesis today, 30 March, at the Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences - NTNU. The title of her thesis is "Pockets of Opportunity: State Dissident Interactions and Regime Change".

Her trial lecture: "What role does social mobilisation play for regime stability and transition, particularly considering the broader social mobilisation literature?"

Håvard Hegre and Kristin Bakke Elected to the ISA Leadership

​In the recent elections in the International Studies Association, two PRIO associates were elected to leadership positions in the association. Håvard Hegre, Dag Hammarskjöld Professor of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University became Vice President-elect and Kristin Bakke, Professor of Political Science and International Relations at University College London was elected as an at-large member of the Governing Council. ISA's new President for the 2018–19 term is Patrick James, Professor of Political Science at University of Southern California.

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