Jan 2015 – Dec 2018
The use of mass rapes during the Bosnian war brought female bodies onto the stage of international security concerns and largely changed the ways in which gendered security concerns were understood and international engagement as well as transitional justice was seen. The ways in which rapes could be construed as a weapon of war was intimately linked to perceptions of gender, defined within a patriarchal power structure, in a local Bosnian context, and in relation to what was perceived as a "new" war.
In the aftermath of the Dayton Agreement in 1995, gender equality and women's status in society become the hallmark of two opposing forces within Bosnia: transitions towards Western capitalist ideologies against traditional ways of living where ethnic and religious parameters defined new (and differentiated) limitations for women.
Today, Bosnia is on the path towards EU application status and again gender concerns are cast in the middle of opposing forces. As a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country in central Europe with a long-standing international presence since 1995 from various multilateral actors such as the United Nations, NATO and the EU, Bosnia is a particularly well-suited case for studying how a country going through a major societal transition perceives gender equality and women's participation as defined from the outside.
This will be explored in this study by: